Pregnancy and Coronavirus COVID-19
UPDATE AS OF February 2020
There is still much unknown about 2019-COVID and pregnancy. Probably for now the best and most recent answers on 2019-COVID and pregnancy can be found on the CDC website.
On 2/3/2020 it was reported that a pregnant woman with Coronavirus infection was delivered by cesarean section in China at 37 weeks. Both mother and baby are doing well.
On 2/12/2020 The Lancet reported on 9 cases of COVID-19 in the third trimester pregnant women. All were delivered by cesarean section. Symptoms of COVID-19 infections in pregnant women were similar to non-pregnant individuals. There was no evidence for intrauterine infection in these 9 cases caused by transmission from the women to the baby. Also, there is no evidence that a cesarean delivery is needed to protect the mother or the fetus.
In February 2020, most information we have on pregnancy and coronavirus derives from information on MERS and SARS coronaviruses.
One was a report of 5 pregnant women from Saudi Arabia which concluded that MERS-CoV may pose serious health risks to both mothers and infants during pregnancy. Two of the 5 mothers infected with the virus died.
Pregnant women with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) appear to have a worse clinical outcome and a higher mortality rate compared to non-pregnant women.
Though there were a limited number of pregnant women among these cases, it seems pregnant women are more likely to become infected and those who became infected with SARS were more likely to get sick.
Pregnancy is a time of low immune function which generally includes:
- older people
- people with HIV infection
- people with long-term use of immunosuppressive agents
- pregnant women